Armenia is a country of Transcaucasia; and it fronts northwestern Asia. It lies “south of a great mountain range of the Caucasus.” The country of Azerbaijan is situated in the Caucasus Mountains. It is in an odd geographic location where it is sometimes considered part of Asia. Nagorno-Karabakh is located within the southwestern region of Azerbaijan.
Armenia and Azerbaijan joined the Soviet Union in the early 1920s. Nagorno-Karabakh was given to Azerbaijan to run. As the Soviet Union government started to fall apart in the 1980s, Nagorno-Karabakh wanted to become a part of Armenia as much of their population consisted of Armenians.
This territorial land conflict only increased as time passed, resulting in a war between Armenia and Azerbaijan. Casualties in both countries number in the thousands of deceased and millions injured. Russia soon entered the conflict and a ceasefire was declared in 1994.
Nagorno-Karabakh continued to be a part of Azerbaijan, but it was still culturally and ethnically connected to Armenia. The conflict has resurfaced repeatedly and each time was mediated by Russia.
As of late September, attacks began due to the inability to agree on a peace agreement. Both countries claim the other fired shots first.
The attacks ended in November as both countries agreed to sign a “Russian-brokered peace deal.” Many Armenians were outraged as the deal essentially disclosed that Azerbaijan would continue to govern the areas they control or obtained during the conflict. Armenia had to remove all defenses.
On the 16th of December, Azerbaijan and Armenia exchanged captured prisoners in compliance with the peace deal. Armenia’s prime minister declared there had been 44 captives returning and Russia’s Defense Military Ministry confirmed they were handing over 12 Armenian captives.
Violence still continues between both countries. Armenians find themselves striking against the injustice they face and demand a resignation from their Prime Minister, Nikola Pashinyan. He has refused to do so.
Azerbaijan fights to ban the treaty as they claim Armenia used cluster munitions in multiple areas of their country killing many.